Processing fees for loans: Expensive judgment for banks

Current verdict: Borrowers can demand back hundreds of euros

Current verdict: Borrowers can demand back hundreds of euros  

Processing fees for loans represent additional costs for consumers. For their services, banks can already be compensated for by the term-dependent interest on the respective loan. Therefore, additional processing fees have been judged by local and regional courts as inadmissible for several years. A decision of principle of the highest German court, the Federal High Court, stood but so far still. Already in 2012 could have come to it, however, the defendant savings bank withdrew its revision at that time. She probably prevented an earlier ban on processing fees. Thousands of consumers can now appeal to the current judgment of the Federal Court of Justice.

Credit processing fees: 1,200 euros for an online application?

Credit processing fees: 1,200 euros for an online application?

In one of the two cases, which lie with the BGH, it concerned a handling fee of 1,200 euro for a credit over altogether 49,100 euro with the Postbank. The client had completed the loan application online in 2012. Only those who read the fine print will notice the handling fees. Other victims have so far renounced going to the lawyer and the resulting costs. After all, not every borrower has to pay more than 1,000 euros in processing fees for his loan. In addition, it is not yet clear how many years – even after the loan expires – the former borrowers can reclaim their processing fees. This could even be possible by the year 2003.

Update October 28, 2014: The Federal Supreme Court has now decided that bank customers may claim back credit fees that have been improperly levied until 2004. The court thus extends the limitation period to ten years.

Who is now looking for a cheap loan should pay attention to the conditions- their website. If credit processing fees are levied, consumers should point out the BGH judgment and demand the cancellation of the fees.

The Federal Court ruled that “pre-formulated provisions on a processing fee in loan agreements between a credit institution and a consumer are ineffective.”

Threatening banks by current BGH verdict a lawsuit?

The BGH bases its decision on the fact that banks unduly prejudice consumers by the additional processing fees. The BGH senate chairman Ulrich Wiechers already explained in a “preliminary assessment” in the morning that the banks would have passed on costs for an activity “in their own interest or due to an existing legal obligation” on the consumers, reports the Süddeutsche Zeitung. The Supreme Court is still around 100 more lawsuits to the processing fee for loans pending. For Wichert, however, this is “just the tip of the iceberg.” Various associations of consumer protection officials are also taking legal action. For example, the protection community for bank customers already represents hundreds of cases.

Editorial Tip

If you want to recover your processing fee, you can, for example, join a class action lawsuit by the Schutzgemeinschaft für Bankkunden or by meta-claims. Affected parties can assert their recovery at the bank themselves with the help of a sample letter.

Processing fees for loans: Banks owe consumers 13 billion euros

Processing fees for loans: Banks owe consumers 13 billion euros

In view of these developments, it is not surprising that the front of the restitution deniers begins to break. Already in 2012, some banks, for example, Sparkasse Chemnitz, Ostsächsische Sparkasse Dresden, Sparkasse Leipzig and Volksbank Riesa, have begun to pay back processing fees for loans. Banks are currently granting consumer loans of 175 to 200 million euros annually. The Stiftung Warentest calculates: Assuming an average loan processing fee of two percent, which demands the banks between the years 2005 and 2013 of their borrowers, the institutions are with 13 billion euros in debt. So far, only a small part of it has been refunded. The judgment of the BGH, therefore, has far-reaching financial consequences for the banks.

The National Court also condemns the financing of the Valencian PP

 New bump for the Popular Party . The National Court has just made public the ruling by which the illegal financing of the Valencian PP is accredited at the time when Francisco Camps was president of the Generalitat, although he was not sitting on the bench of the accused.

The Central Criminal Court has imposed penalties ranging from four months in prison to six years and nine months for 18 of the 20 defendants in the trial of the Valencian branch of the Gürtel case , considering their participation in illegal financing credited of the electoral campaigns of the Popular Party of the Valencian Community (PPCV) in the municipal and autonomic elections of 2007 and in the general elections of 2008.

In the judgment, concerning the separate pieces of Valencia 1, 2 and 6 of the Gürtel case, the defendants are condemned for electoral crimes, continuous documentary falsification and against the public treasury.

The miseries

Image result for miserableThe sentence imposed on the leader of the plot, Francisco Correa , is five years and three months , on his right hand, Pablo Crespo , five years in prison, and Álvaro Pérez , six years and nine months . To all of them, in certain crimes, the extenuating circumstance of confession or active collaboration is applied to them, and Correa, in addition, the reparation of the damage for having allowed the repatriation of more than two million euros that he had in an acount in Switzerland.

Also within the so-called Grupo Correa, Cándido Herrero is sentenced to five years and one month in prison and three years to financial adviser Ramón Blanco Balín. Among the thrust of the PPCV at the time of the facts, the Court convicts former Secretary-General Ricardo Costa to four years in prison when the judge applied mitigating active collaboration or confession.

Former manager Cristina Ibáñez is sentenced to three years and four months; the ex-secretary of the training David Serra , three years and eight months, and the ex-secretary Yolanda García , four months. In contrast, the Central Criminal Court acquitted the former vice president of the Valencian Community Vicente Rambla .

15 days after the main sentence

Image result for judgementThis sentence for one of the pieces of the Gürtel case is released fifteen days after the other sentence for the main piece of this same corruption scheme for which the participant was considered PP lucrative, which supposed a motion of censure to the president of Government Mariano Rajoy and his exit from the Executive.

Now, the head of the Central Criminal Court of the National Court, José María Vázquez Honrubia, takes it as granted that several businessmen paid the Valencian PP in exchange for receiving awards in an irregular manner . In this case, the Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office had managed to get nine businessmen to recognize the crimes, so the proven facts were already assumed by those involved.

Both the leader of the plot, Francisco Correa , and his two trusted men, Alvaro Perez and Pablo Crespo are in prison serving a sentence of twelve years imposed by the Superior Court of Justice of Valencia, for another piece by Gürtel known as’ Fitur ‘case, and already confirmed by the Supreme Court. In addition, Correa and Crespo were sentenced by the National Court to 51 years in prison for the first and 37 years for the second. In this second sentence, Pérez, known as El Bigotes was acquitted.

Camps, “architect of the fraudulent mechanism”

In the sentence, the magistrate opens the door against the former president of the Generalitat, Francisco Camps , whom he points out as the “architect” of that fraudulent operation. Thus, he explains that his testimony as a witness in the trial was “totally unsuccessful because in relation to the facts he knows nothing, he remembers nothing, he does not recognize anything”. He emphasizes that even considering that he has been designated as “the creator of the fraudulent mechanism, he has the right not to testify against himself and not to plead guilty”.

Regarding the responsibility of politicians, the judgment places Costa according to the doctrine of the Supreme Court, as “the man who is behind” inasmuch as he had the functional domain of the criminal act regarding the illegal financing of the successive electoral contests. The judge recognizes as true that with regard to politicians “neither is credited indiciariamente nor contemplated nor accused of any kind of personal enrichment” his actions, according to the magistrate were committed “purely by political ambition to reach and remain in power.”

The sentence explains that “in order to obtain greater deployment in the electoral process, both in the 2007 elections and in 2008, the accused integrated into the PP of the Valencian Community (PPCV), each with different functions, hired to the commercial Orange Market SL -company Francisco Correa- services that paid irregularly, partly in cash and partly through third parties “.

On the other hand, the resolution details the actions of the condemned businessmen who, in collusion with the defendants linked to the PPCV and those responsible for Orange Market, financed a part of the expenditure committed by the accused political charges. They assumed the payment that this political formation owed to the merchant, making them appear as if they were services provided by Orange. This merchant provided them with invoices corresponding to alleged services that had not actually been provided.

Electoral “fair play”

Image result for fair playIn addition to the role of political officials, businessmen and managers of the ‘Correa Group’, the ruling describes the role exercised by the tax advisors José Ramón Blanco Balín and Cándido Herrero in the preparation of the invoices, as well as in the declarations before the Tax Agency that were made in Blanco Balín’s office. The system designed for payments was through correct invoices, other invoices were false and also with payments in “B”.

Magistrate Vázquez Honrubia clarifies in his sentence that for these events the electoral crime must be applied but higher penalties set in the Penal Code can not be applied in 2015 because the facts were earlier. “The article that is applied is a crime of mere activity that does not demand any result, it is considered as a crime of risk and if, as in all these crimes, the legal protection barrier is advanced, without the need for a result, it seems evident that the good legal protected is to immediately try to maintain the purity of the electoral processes, in short, the electoral “fair play”.

In addition to the immediate objective of guaranteeing that the electoral contenders have exclusively the legal means for their electoral appointments, the sentence adds another mediate objective that is to prevent an abstract risk, “preserve the neutrality and objectivity of the State in which the local and regional administration against assumptions such as in the present case where such neutrality and objectivity of the administrations is seriously questioned when the financiers of the electoral campaign are, precisely and precisely, winners and / or concessionaires of contracted works, services or supplies by the Administration whose political representatives have been elected by relying on an illegally financed campaign. “

It is definitely a crime of risk, a future danger because “in short we could talk about a deferred bribe: certain employers pay election campaigns today and maintain or obtain administrative contracts tomorrow.”

The judge concludes that it affects the general interests that the funders are or will be awarded public works or services and tarnishes in an “absolute” manner the repeated neutrality and objectivity.

Reduced penalties

The prosecution accused the former general secretary of the Valencian PP, Ricardo Costa , and another 18 people for alleged illegal financing of the party, with almost three and a half million euros, for the electoral campaigns of 2007 and 2008. At the end of the trial, Anti-corruption requested to reduce the penalties initially requested against the ringleaders once the trial had recognized the crimes.

Thus, for Costa, who acknowledged before the judge that the training paid for the electoral campaigns of 2007 and 2008 “with black money from contractors of the Generalitat” at the suggestion of the then regional president Francisco Camps, the prosecutor asked for a sentence of four years and three months in jail compared to seven years and nine months initially requested. For Correa, confessed master of the plot, the prosecutor asked to reduce the penalty substantially: from 22 years to seven years and three months.

In his statement, Francisco Correa acknowledged that one of its companies, Orange Market, charged 3.4 million euros in black from the Valencian PP for electoral acts and others of ordinary period in 2007 and 2008. Of this amount, about 1.2 millions were paid by at least nine businessmen, to whom Orange Market turned invoices for false concepts that hid the work carried out for the conservative training. For these nine employers, sentences of less than two years were required, which could be replaced by fines. Álvaro Pérez was asked 16 and a half years.

How much is the Argentine peso worth?

How much is the Argentine peso worth?

“There is no clear reference price after the fall of the Argentine peso.” Tommy Samson explains why he has been forced to reduce his business amid the crisis in the Argentine financial market . His firm, based in Buenos Aires, imports surgical equipment for which he pays in foreign currency, and then sells it to local clients in pesos.

The last link in your business is collapsing, because the Argentine currency is in free fall . The peso has lost half of its value this year and 20 percent just this week. The fall threatens to wreak havoc on a US $ 640 billion economy, putting corporate supply chains and household finances at risk.

The crisis is also generating a black cloud over President Mauricio Macri’s prospects of winning re-election next year. Even the Argentine leader more aligned with the markets in more than ten years has had difficulties to recover the confidence of investors.

The unsuccessful efforts of Macri

Your government has tried. The central bank raised interest rates to 60 percent on Thursday, the highest in the world. A day earlier, Macri surprised the country, and investors, by requesting the International Monetary Fund to accelerate disbursements of the approved credit line. The agency said it was considering the request.

The $ 50 billion credit line achieved by Argentina in June was the largest delivered in the history of the IMF. The country was also under an agency program when it collapsed and fell into default on its debt in 2001. That event was the catalyst for more than a decade of populist left governments, which ruled at the expense of increased public spending, and isolation of global financial markets. All this ended with the election of Macri in 2015.

Election consequences

Image result for election

Maria de los Angeles Rezk voted for him, but “I would not do it again.” “I see that the country has lost the way,” said Rezk, a 46-year-old bank employee in the capital, shortly after buying some dollars, which she hoped to sell later, in the expectation that the peso will continue to weaken.

“They have to find a way to stop this fall,” he said. “The problem is that they do not know what to say.”

The warning signs began before the market crisis. The government projected that the economy will contract 1 percent in 2018, in what was a sharp decline from the 3 percent growth anticipated at the beginning of this year.

Inflation has remained above 30 percent and will accelerate due to the weakness of the peso.

Pablo Ricatti says he bought two trucks loaded with flour two weeks ago, “to protect me from an increase in prices.”

Your provider would usually give you financing for a couple of weeks, “but not now,” says Ricatti, who runs a company that makes bread for hamburgers and hot dogs. “I have to pay them immediately. And I will do it, “he said, because prices are rising” as we speak. “

Business consequences

Image result for business

Even much larger companies find it difficult to see the future.

TN & Platex is the largest textile company in Argentina. You can quote prices for buyers who have money to pay at this time, says CEO Teddy Karagozian. But the volatility of the currency means that it can not offer the usual 60- or 90-day credit to customers, Karagozian said.

If the collapse of the currency is slowing down the economy, government response measures will have the same effect.

Macri’s pre-crisis plan included a gradual reduction of Argentina’s fiscal deficit, from 6.5 percent of last year’s GDP to 3.8 percent in 2019.

More strikes

Now, more drastic measures are expected. Finance Minister Nicolás Dujovne told reporters on Thursday night that the government will present its plan for a “substantially lower” fiscal deficit on Monday in 2019. On that day he will travel to Washington to meet with IMF officials. No more details were delivered.

In the face of accelerating inflation, government negotiations with unions over public sector salaries will be “extremely difficult,” Paul Greer, a fund manager at Fidelity International in London, said in an email. The executive predicted “general strikes of workers next year.”

Outside the office of the National Administration of Social Security, Anses, in Buenos Aires, union leader Rubén Garrido was part of a group of protesters. “Our salaries are constantly eroding,” said the 62-year-old man. And pension funds are being affected by the fall in the stock and bond markets, he said. “It’s not sustainable.”

Higher up the income scale, in an economy that is very unequal like most Latin American countries, is Alicia Quadri, a dance teacher and former star dancer at the prestigious Teatro Colón.

“I expected to go to Europe with my daughter at the end of the year,” he said. “With this kind of change, I will not do it.” I’ll wait for things to calm down. ” When and how will that happen? Quadri is not sure.

“They need all the major stakeholders, the best economists, to find a solution,” he said. “But not the IMF, or strangers. They will only make the country become more indebted. And they can not bear the consequences. “